List of aikidō techniques
The following is a list of techniques taught in aikidō.
- First teaching (一教). An opponent is unbalanced through the application of pressure on his elbow. Formerly known as ikkajo.
- Second teaching (二教). Pressure is applied to an opponent's wrist in order to break his balance. Formerly known as nikajo.
- Third teaching (三教). An opponent's wrist is twisted in order to subdue him. Formerly known as sankajo.
- Fourth teaching (四教). Pressure is applied to an opponent's lower forearm in order to lead him into a pin. Formerly known as yonkajo.
- Fifth teaching (五教). Technique similar to ikkyo in which an additional wrist control is added.
- Wrist-reverse (小手返し). An opponent's wrist is turned outward in order to throw or pin him.
- Four-directional throw (四方投げ). Technique in which the tori passes underneath the arm of the attacker in order to throw him in one of four directions.
- Entering throw (入り身投げ). Tori enters behind the attacker and unbalances him.
- Side of the face (側面). The outside of the elbow is used to displace an opponent's head, unbalancing him. Often considered to be a variation of iriminage.
- Heaven and Earth throw (天土投げ). Tori displaces the top half of uke's body by entering into him with one hand up (pointing to Heaven) and the other hand down (pointing to Earth).
- Corner drop (角落し). The attacker's arm is extended low behind him by tori, leading him off balance.
- Whirling throw (回転投げ). The attacker is thrown into a spin by tori rotating his arm above his head.
- Breath throw (呼投げ). Can refer to a wide variety of throws that are executed utilising the power of one's breathing (kokyū).
- Hip throw (腰投げ). The attacker is thrown over the hips of tori.
- Figure of ten throw (十字投げ). The attacker's arms are crossed (as in the figure ten '十') and used as a lever to throw him. Also known as jūjigarame.
- Shoulder throw (片投げ). Tori enters behind uke and destabilises him by dropping his shoulders directly downwards.
- Sixth teaching (六教). A variation of sankyo sometimes known as rokkyo in which tori holds uke's fingers.
- Elbow arm-barring pressure (肘極め押さえ). A technique that applies pressure to the arm in order to immobilise an attacker.
- Body drop (体落). A jūdō throw in which uke is thrown over tori's leg.