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A kata (型 or 形), meaning 'form', is a choreographed set of movements. Kata may be practised for a variety of reasons - for example, to pass specific knowledge, to facilitate individual practice, or to allow the practice of movements that would otherwise prove dangerous (such as in iaidō or jōdō).

Outside of the martial arts, they may be used in other practices such as kabuki (Japanese theatre) and chadō (tea ceremony).