Iaidō glossary

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The following is a list of terms used in iaidō.

General

  • Bunkai: Scenario; explanation for a kata
  • Chi: Blood
  • Kesa: Diagonal; 45 degrees
  • Kokoro: Heart; spirit

Movements

  • Ashisabaki: Changing from one foot in front to the other.
  • Chiburi: Removing the blood from the sword.
  • Kirioroshi: Downwards cut.
  • Kiriotoshi: Cutting something down.
  • Nōtō: Placing the sword back in the saya.
  • Tachiagari: Standing up from kneeling.

Principles

  • Kensen: Tip of the sword and its movement
  • Kokorogamae: Alertness; readiness
  • Ma: Timing
  • Sakki: Intention to kill
  • Seme: Focus; psychological pressure; intent to maintain constant advantage

Stances

  • Chūdan no kamae: Combative stance with the sword facing towards the enemy.
  • Gedan no kamae: Combative stance with the sword lowered.
  • Jōdan no kamae: Combative stance with the sword raised above the head.
  • Sonkyō: Crouching on the balls of the feet, knees apart, sword facing forwards.
  • Tatehiza: A method of sitting whilst wearing armour.
  • Waki no kamae: Stance with the sword facing diagonally to the ground, away from the enemy.

Sword parts

  • Fuchi: Collar between the tsuka and tsuba.
  • Habaki: Wedge to keep sword in the saya.
  • Hamon: Pattern on the blade of the sword.
  • Kashira: Butt of the sword.
  • Kissaki: The tip of the blade and the sharpest part of the sword.
  • Koiguchi: Mouth of the saya.
  • Kojiri: Tip of the saya.
  • Kurigata: Mount on the saya to tie the sageo.
  • Mekugi: Bamboo peg to bind the tsuka to the nakago.
  • Menuki: Ornaments on the tsuka.
  • Mune: Back edge of the sword.
  • Nakago: Tang of the sword.
  • Sageo: Cord to attach saya to hakama himo.
  • Samehada: Pattern of the ray skin (samegawa).
  • Samegawa: Skin under the tsukaito.
  • Seppa: Washers above and below the tsuba.
  • Shinogi: Second third of the sword.
  • Shitodome: Aesthetic metal on the kurigata.
  • Tsuba: Hand guard.
  • Tsuka: Sword handle.
  • Tsukaito: Wrapping on the tsuka.

Currently unsure of

  • Sayabanare
  • Sayabiki
  • Tame: To charge oneself up?
  • Embu
  • Shitei waza
  • Kaburi
  • Hon waza
  • Kae waza
  • Hikinuki
  • Hane ageru
  • Chūdan awase
  • Merihari
  • Tenouchi
  • Shibori
  • Iwanami
  • Yokote
  • Johakyu

See also