Aikidō glossary

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The following is a list of terms used in aikidō.

Kanji has been included where possible. Although kanji does not normally use spaces, I have inserted them to mirror the spaces used in the English transliteration to assist comprehension.

General terms

Further information: Glossary
Ai 
合. Joining; unifying; fitting together.
Ki 
気. Spirit; energy; mood.
Dō 
道. Way; road; path.
Aihanmi 
Two people facing each other, both with the same foot forwards (i.e., left and left or right and right).
Atemi 
当て身 ("body strikes"). Strikes to the body (usually vulnerable points). Practising atemi is known as atemiwaza.
Dōsa 
Movement (e.g. kokyūdōsa - breathing movement).
Hanmi 
半身 ("half body"). The sides of the body working together, i.e., left hand and left foot moving in unison; right hand and right foot likewise cooperating.
Hantai 
Opposed or in reverse.
Kamiza 
上座 ("top seat"). Top-most part of the dōjō. Usually there will be a small shrine to Ōsensei, containing his picture.
Nage 
Throw. Also used by some in place of the word 'tori'.
Randori 
A scenario in which there are multiple uke to one tori. Tori must deal with all the uke simultaneously.
Tatami
Tranining mat.
Tori 
Person practising aikidō, in comparison to uke. Also known by some as nage or shite.
Uke 
Person receiving aikidō (i.e., attacking tori).
Ukemi 
Receiving body. The practice of attacking and being thrown.

Waza

Waza 
技. Art and technique.
Atemiwaza 
当て身技. Striking the body.
Hanmihandachiwaza 
Techniques when tori is in kiza and uke is standing.
Henkawaza 
Varying technique (tori performing a different technique for reach attack).
Jiyuwaza 
Free-flowing (freestyle) techniques.
Kaeshiwaza 
Counter techniques.
Keriwaza 
Kicking techniques.
Shimewaza 
Strangling or choking techniques.
Suwariwaza 
Seated techniques performed from kiza.
Tachiwaza 
Standing techniques.
Ukemiwaza 
Techniques for being thrown.
Ushirowaza 
Techniques from rear-attacks.

Attacks

Further information: List of attacks in aikidō
Tori 
取り. Grip, grab, take. Becomes dori when used in a compound word.
Ryōte 
両手取り ("both hands"). Describes an attack in which both hands are used.
Ushiro 
後ろ. Behind; rear.
Tsuki 
突き ("thrust"). A punch or a forwards strike with a jō. Becomes zuki when used in a compound word.
Chūdan 
中段. Middle. Attacks to the middle of the body, e.g. suigetsu (solar plexus).
Jōdan 
上段. High. Attacks higher than chūdan, e.g. to the head.
Gedan 
下段. Low. Attacks lower than chūdan, e.g. to the groin.
Keri 
蹴り. Kick. Becomes geri when uses in a compound word.
Shime 
締め. Choke. Chokes and strangulation attacks.
Kaeshi 
返し. Counter; reversal. Becomes gaeshi when used in a compound word.

Footwork

Further information: Ashisabaki#Movements
Ashisabaki 
足さばき. Footwork.
Irimiashi 
A forwards step.
Taisabaki 
Bodywork. Usually refers to an evasive movement consisting of an irimiashi followed by a tenkan.
Tsugiashi 
A forwards slide.
Tenkan 
A 180 degree turn made by throwing the heel of the back foot behind oneself.
Zengoundo 
Pivoting on the balls of the feet.

See also